The Anatomy of a Resume

Adapt yourself to your resume. Follow these resume content guidelines by Arizona State University's Career Services web page.

Contact information
  • Include complete contact information with phone, email address, and mailing address.
  • May require two addresses: permanent and local may be advantageous if applying/relocating in that geographic area.
  • Minimize number of email/ telephone contacts; use professionally appropriate email addresses, and announcements on phone message service.
  • Work authorization means “green card” or ability to legally work in the US; international students are generally in the US on an F-1 or J-1 visa, which allows you to complete 12 months of practical training.
  • If you think an employer might assume you do not have US citizenship or work authorization, you may include it under the heading “Work Authorization” or under your name:

    Odusis Moshibaba
    US Citizen

    Odusis Moshibaba
    US Work Authorization

  • Objectives include either a clearly defined interest, position, industry, organization in which you want to work, or focuses on a functional area (e.g. marketing-related, promotions, or management).
  • Objectives may include skills, experience, qualities directly related to the position.
  • Focus on what you have to offer to the position rather than describing what you want from the position.
  • Objectives work best for new graduates.
  • Include either a summary or an objective. Summaries are generally used when you have a depth and breadth of work experiences. A summary includes 3-5 bulleted statements of key qualifications.
  • Only use a summary to demonstrate concrete skills/experience and accomplishments as they relate to the position.
  • Do not simply list personal skills and/or qualities.
  • If the experience/skills warrant it, many employers prefer a summary.
  • Spell out degree (as stated or will be on diploma) and major, followed by graduation month and year.
  • Minor, areas of concentration, and certificates may be included.
  • May specify college/school with name of university spelled out.
  • GPA is usually recommended; may use overall/cumulative, major, ASU GPA or GPA from last 3 – 4 semesters as long as it is so noted.
Relevant courses
  • If needed, provide information that may clarify course content or skills gained.
  • May be used to demonstrate teamwork, self-management skills, academic and/or athletic performance.
  • Focus on task/function, actions, process, resources used and results.
  • Include projects that are relevant to career field/industry and that communicate knowledge, teamwork, presentation, or other skills.
  • Use key words/language of the industry.
  • Define your role on team projects, and the specific tools/applications used.
Study abroad
  • Illustrate experiences that expanded your worldview; identify skills you developed and enhanced.
Activities/volunteer/community service
  • Demonstrate skills and accomplishments gained through your involvement and experiences.
  • May include sorority/fraternity, clubs, organizations, athletics, charity, and community service.
  • Be selective in the number and type of awards and scholarships.
  • May also be included within the context they were awarded, e. g. education and work.
  • Include name and for what you received it.
  • Internships may be included within experience or you may create a separate section for them and set them up the same as experience.
  • Begin with the most recent position, followed by previous positions.
  • Include job title/position, company/organization name, city, state, and dates that include only the month and year.
  • Provide enough information regarding what you did, emphasizing relevant skills and accomplishments.
  • Start each statement with an action word/verb that is a skill.
  • Use relevant tenses for present and past.
  • Quantify accomplishments to demonstrate results and complexity of tasks you performed.
  • If more than one position was held for an organization, place the name of the organization followed by City, State and inclusive dates for the time. Second line is for the position held and the dates for that position. When finished with the skills for that position, put in the next position with the dates.
Mission (and additional types of) experience
  • Focus on skills, accomplishments, multicultural, and other rich experiences that make you unique.
  • Make decisions about what best qualifies you for the position, and stay focused on the information that will help communicate your ability to do the job.
  • Skill sections may include Languages, Computer Skills, Laboratory Skills and others that are relevant to your career field.
  • List the relevant skills under the headings; keep it simple.
  • CPR, First Aid, and other certifications may be included under a certification section if relevant to the position.
  • Communicate the level of your language skills.
On-line resumes
  • Check privacy policy to prevent your information from being disclosed to anyone other than the companies you select.
  • Avoid sites that charge you a fee.
  • Include key words in the content.
  • May also include key words in a summary at the top of the resume.
  • Use a plain text version so it can be read by most users.
  • Create a resume that will look good electronically.
  • Refresh your resume once a week.
  • Remove your resume when you accept an offer.

1 comment:

Sabreena said...

This is very helpful for those building resumes. I would say that sometimes less is more, and to definitely fine tune resumes to the jobs you're applying for. Also, a simple design layout is a good way to stand out from the sea of Word documents with 12 pt Times New Roman type.

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