- Fuel economy
- (in automobiles) is the amount of fuel required to move the automobile over a given distance. While the fuel efficiency of petroleum engines has improved markedly in recent decades, this does not necessarily translate into fuel economy of cars, as people in developed countries tend to buy bigger and heavier cars.
- Unfortunate trends in US fuel efficiency
- Since 1975, overall new light-duty vehicle fuel economy has moved through four phases:
- a rapid increase from 1975 through the early 1980s,
- a slower increase until reaching its peak in 1987,
- a gradual decline until 2004, and
- an increase in 2005 and 2006, with 2007 levels projected to be similar to 2006.
Fuel economy continues to be a major area of public and policy interest for several reasons, including:
- Fuel economy is directly related to energy security because light-duty vehicles account for approximately 40 percent of all U.S. oil consumption, and much of this oil is imported.
- Fuel economy is directly related to the cost of fueling a vehicle and is of great interest when crude oil and gasoline prices rise.
- Fuel economy is directly related to emissions of greenhouse gases (i.e., carbon dioxide). Light-duty vehicles contribute about 20 percent of all U.S. carbon dioxide emissions.
- a rapid increase from 1975 through the early 1980s,
- Green Vehicle Guide
- Use this guide to choose the cleanest and most fuel-efficient vehicle that meets your needs. Low emissions and good fuel economy are both important for the environment.
- Fuel economy-maximizing behaviors
- describe techniques that drivers can use to optimize their automobile fuel economy. The energy in fuel consumed in driving is lost in many ways, including engine inefficiency, aerodynamic drag, rolling friction, and kinetic energy lost to braking (absent regenerative braking). Driver behavior can influence all of these. The city mileage of conventional cars is lower than highway mileage due to: 1) a high proportion of idling time, 2) operation mostly at very inefficient low-output engine operating points, and 3) more frequent braking.
- Think in gallons per mile
- If soaring gasoline prices have prompted you to look for a more fuel-efficient ride, using miles per gallon as a guide could lead you astray, U.S. researchers said on Thursday.
Instead, they propose a new standard based on gallons per mile, which gives people a far better idea of how much gasoline they might save by switching trading in that gas-guzzling minivan.
- Gas Mileage
- Here's a quiz. Which saves more gas: trading in a 16-mile-a-gallon gas guzzler for a slightly more efficient car that gets 20 mpg? Or going from a gas-sipping sedan of 34-mpg to a hybrid that gets 50 mpg?
If you guessed the second choice, you're wrong.
Even a small improvement in gas guzzlers saves more gas than a big improvement in cars that already save. But cars aren't advertised that way in the U.S.
If they were rated in gallons per mile instead of the other way around, people might get a better idea of how to save gas.
- Provides much semi-useful information relating to fuel economy in the United States.
- Ultra useful FREE web based tool to help you track and predict your vehicle mileage and gasoline costs.
Update 20081004: It appears my account information has been lost. What a bummer.
- Long term solutions for gas savings
- There are things that individual drivers can do to improve fuel efficiency, such as driving less aggressively, and at lower speeds. But there are also things that government can do to impose better fuel efficiency, by changing the roadways.
The changes include using roundabouts instead of intersections with traffic lights, lowering speed limits, and removing some stop signs. All of those could help drivers reduce gas consumption.
- short term solutions for gas savings
- Motorcycle and scooter use is up, in part due to high gas prices. Is it a smart move to swap four wheels for two? Pete terHorst of the American Motorcyclist Association says yes.
RAPE, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS, TRAFFICKING, FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION, POLITICAL PARTICIPATION, GENDER DISCRIMINATION
You can help by
I just stole some of my own information and was able to get my credit card company to re-issue me 'my' credit card.
Granted, I had insider information, but I still think it was too easy.
On the bright side I've got a shiny new credit card with a shiny new credit limit.
On the dark side if I had been someone else I would definitely be losing out.
The lesson of today's story is to guard your information by shredding, securing with strong passwords and sending encrypted emails.
The loan amount was for $8000.
It only cost me $608.39.
$232.30 in interest and $376.09 in fees.
I began paying the loan on 22 June 2007.
I made the final payment on 7 June 2008.
This loan took me 351 days to pay off. [thanks to calculate days between dates]
Because I aggressively paid off this loan I was able to save a lot of money in interest charges.
If you want to pay off your loans this quick and cheap I suggest you order my book, which details the specific plan in order for you to do this...
I'm just kidding, information should be free. Here is what I did and how I did it:
- Made a payment. Much of that payment went to pay off the interest. Some of that went to the principle of the loan.
- Immediately made a second payment specifically towards the principle.
- Do this each month until you can pay off the loan with one final payment.
The purpose of the second payment was to deduct from the principle without having to pay interest charges. Say my first payment was $100. Of that $100 $25 of it went to interest. So, in reality I only deducted $75 from my loan. If I were to pay an additional $75 in a separate payment I could realistically, pay off the loan in half the time it would take me if I did not make the second payment. It isn't like I'm making a $200 payment, only a $175 payment. But that $75 is very very valuable to me. That extra $75 gave me some quicker peace of mind.
I mentioned a similar method towards paying off your mortgage in half the time. I plan on using this strategy again on the remainder of my student loans. I'll post later on the specifics of that process.
In order to receive the prize the winner MUST request the gift shipped within the United States.
The prize will be revealed to the winner only.
The winner may decline the prize and a new winner will be contacted.
Make sure to include a way for me to contact you like having your email address within your comment in this form:
email [at] address [dot] com
Have you seen a beautiful photograph in a book or magazine that captures all the detail of a flower or insect, close-up? The art of taking pictures of things extremely close-up is called macro photography. Professional photographers have expensive cameras and lenses that enable them to capture these macro shots in great detail, but did you know that your compact digital camera is also capable of macro shots?
You'll have to read the whole article here to learn more.
The basic principle of the plan is to make two payments each month. One payment to go towards the mortgage, including all the interest, taxes, fees, and principle, and another payment to go towards the principle.
You had better read more.
I suppose this method could be applied to any loan type situation. Maybe student loans...
A very useful little website that you can use to learn about all things web development. I use it to attempt to format these blog posts. Sometimes I succeed, other times I fail.
Check it out.
Resume Writing 101
Cover Letter Tips and Samples
Top 10 Typical Resume Mistakes
Follow Up Letter
Preparation is the key to a successful interview. The well prepared candidate will be more comfortable, more confident, and will better represent his/her strengths and qualifications. The following resources will help you better understand the interview process, expectations, salary negotiation and even ideas on how to answer some of the most difficult questions.
Job Search Strategies
Job Search Related Websites
|Management skills||Communication skills||Financial skills|
- Do some warm up exercises before you go on stage. I find simple stretching and push-ups to be extremely helpful.
- The art is hiding the art itself. Be so prepared that you can appear natural on stage.
- Follow the 80/20 rule - 80% prepared. 20% impromptu. Being prepared is extremely important but when you are too prepared, you take the fun out of a speech. The 20% spontaneity allows you to milk any situations that arises while you deliver your speech.
- If you want to be a phenomenal speaker, hone your improvisational skills.
- Sign up for an improv class.
- No class? Watch an improv instead. I recommend Whose line is it anyway?
- Join Toastmasters. This is one of the best ways to gain confidence and clock stage time.
- And don’t just speak at your club. Make it a point to visit at least one new club every month. Volunteer for an appointment. Serve and more important, speak!
- Participate actively in the Table Topics segment, it will help you hone your improvisational skills.
- Even though you can only do one table topic on stage, you can run through the rest in your head. It’s a form of warm up.
- Include complete contact information with phone, email address, and mailing address.
- May require two addresses: permanent and local may be advantageous if applying/relocating in that geographic area.
- Minimize number of email/ telephone contacts; use professionally appropriate email addresses, and announcements on phone message service.
- Work authorization means “green card” or ability to legally work in the US; international students are generally in the US on an F-1 or J-1 visa, which allows you to complete 12 months of practical training.
- If you think an employer might assume you do not have US citizenship or work authorization, you may include it under the heading “Work Authorization” or under your name:
US Work Authorization
- Objectives include either a clearly defined interest, position, industry, organization in which you want to work, or focuses on a functional area (e.g. marketing-related, promotions, or management).
- Objectives may include skills, experience, qualities directly related to the position.
- Focus on what you have to offer to the position rather than describing what you want from the position.
- Objectives work best for new graduates.
- Include either a summary or an objective. Summaries are generally used when you have a depth and breadth of work experiences. A summary includes 3-5 bulleted statements of key qualifications.
- Only use a summary to demonstrate concrete skills/experience and accomplishments as they relate to the position.
- Do not simply list personal skills and/or qualities.
- If the experience/skills warrant it, many employers prefer a summary.
- Spell out degree (as stated or will be on diploma) and major, followed by graduation month and year.
- Minor, areas of concentration, and certificates may be included.
- May specify college/school with name of university spelled out.
- GPA is usually recommended; may use overall/cumulative, major, ASU GPA or GPA from last 3 – 4 semesters as long as it is so noted.
- If needed, provide information that may clarify course content or skills gained.
- May be used to demonstrate teamwork, self-management skills, academic and/or athletic performance.
- Focus on task/function, actions, process, resources used and results.
- Include projects that are relevant to career field/industry and that communicate knowledge, teamwork, presentation, or other skills.
- Use key words/language of the industry.
- Define your role on team projects, and the specific tools/applications used.
- Illustrate experiences that expanded your worldview; identify skills you developed and enhanced.
- Demonstrate skills and accomplishments gained through your involvement and experiences.
- May include sorority/fraternity, clubs, organizations, athletics, charity, and community service.
- Be selective in the number and type of awards and scholarships.
- May also be included within the context they were awarded, e. g. education and work.
- Include name and for what you received it.
- Internships may be included within experience or you may create a separate section for them and set them up the same as experience.
- Begin with the most recent position, followed by previous positions.
- Include job title/position, company/organization name, city, state, and dates that include only the month and year.
- Provide enough information regarding what you did, emphasizing relevant skills and accomplishments.
- Start each statement with an action word/verb that is a skill.
- Use relevant tenses for present and past.
- Quantify accomplishments to demonstrate results and complexity of tasks you performed.
- If more than one position was held for an organization, place the name of the organization followed by City, State and inclusive dates for the time. Second line is for the position held and the dates for that position. When finished with the skills for that position, put in the next position with the dates.
- Focus on skills, accomplishments, multicultural, and other rich experiences that make you unique.
- Make decisions about what best qualifies you for the position, and stay focused on the information that will help communicate your ability to do the job.
- Skill sections may include Languages, Computer Skills, Laboratory Skills and others that are relevant to your career field.
- List the relevant skills under the headings; keep it simple.
- CPR, First Aid, and other certifications may be included under a certification section if relevant to the position.
- Communicate the level of your language skills.
- Avoid sites that charge you a fee.
- Include key words in the content.
- May also include key words in a summary at the top of the resume.
- Use a plain text version so it can be read by most users.
- Create a resume that will look good electronically.
- Refresh your resume once a week.
- Remove your resume when you accept an offer.
- Auto Insurance Coverage Types
- from automotive.com Coverage types are the core of any insurance policy. If you don't know what you're buying, your insurance company might not be there for you when you need them most. Just as likely, you're buying a lot more coverage than you need. Learn the various types of coverage and determine your ideal plan.
- Auto Insurance Buying Tips
- from automotive.com Insurance is a long, complicated equation that should be solved carefully. Our buying tips give you all the advice you need as to which kinds of coverage to buy, how much of each is reasonable, and which ones are a waste. More factors affect insurance than you may realize; prudent changes to your lifestyle, driving style, vehicle choice, vehicle options (and even your study habits!) can reduce your premiums.
- Auto Insurance Checklist
- from the Insurance Information Institute Shopping for auto insurance? The price you pay for your auto insurance can vary by hundreds of dollars, depending on your driving record, the type of car you have and the insurance company you buy your policy from. Here is a list of things you can do to save money.
This is the actual dialogue taken from a fictional argument about whether to breastfeed or not.
Why are you going to give your new baby formula?
Because scientists made it. Scientists are the perfect solution to everything.
Scientists also made that one thing that lets you shake away the pounds.
I bet these infant formula scientists actually knew what they were doing when they invented infant formula.
Do you believe in god?
Of course I do. What does that have to do with baby formula or scientific inventions.
God made breastmilk.
You know I hadn't thought of that before. I think I'll breastfeed my baby so that the spirit of Jesus can flow throw my breast and into my little baby. You don't think that is weird do you?
The spirit of Jesus flowing into your baby, through your breast? Yeah I think that is a little weird.
The foundations of a good relationship are as follows:
- mutual respect and understanding This is perhaps the most important aspect of a relationship. It is crucial to respect their beliefs, opinions, and goals. It is good to achieve an understanding of their beliefs, opinions, and goals so that you can empathize with their everyday situations. I would imagine it is impossible to completely understand another person but you should always strive to do the best you can.
- great communication I cannot stress how important it is to effectively communicate with other people and to say what you mean and to follow up on those words with supportive action. If you feel a certain way you should say it. Be honest with your words and actions from the beginning and any friendship you have will be much improved. Don't hold anything back but don't be hurtful. If you have mutual respect and understanding of the other person's needs you can communicate in a calm, assertive way that shouldn't hurt anyones feelings.
- Lie down and breathe deeply, allowing your body to relax. Pause between breaths and tune into where you feel hungry. Mouth? Stomach? Anywhere else? Notice any rumblings or contractions or waves of pressure or emptiness.
- See if an image of a specific food comes to mind. If several things seem appealing, or if no particular foods suggest themselves, ask yourself about the qualities of what will satisfy your hunger: Texture (crunchy? smooth? chewy?), temperature (hot? warm? cool? cold?), density (heavy? light?), taste (sweet? sour? bitter? salty?), and so on. When you have identified a specific food, open your eyes.
- Go get the food. If you can’t get the exact thing you identified, get as close as possible, and get more than you think you can eat at one sitting.
- If necessary, prepare the food. Maximize your anticipation by looking at, touching, and smelling the food as you chop, cut, arrange ingredients. Choose a portion that is your best guess as to what will satisfy, and put the rest away for now. Serve yourself the food in a container that pleases you, tactually and visually.
- Choose a place to eat that is peaceful and pleases you.
- Look at the food. Enjoy its details - colors, textures, layers. Take a deep whiff. Now close your eyes and slowly take a bite, allowing the bite to stay in your mouth for you to fully appreciate the taste before you begin chewing.
- Swallow and trace the food down to your stomach, using the sensations of hot/cold/acid/creaminess/ changing weight or pressure, to be your cues. If you don’t quite feel anything, imagine the path the food is taking down into your body. Continue for several more bites, noticing after the fourth bite whether your stomach feels less empty, as if it is slowly filling up.
- Become aware of your whole body. Are your muscles tense anywhere? Notice how you are sitting, and what you are thinking. Are you thinking of the sensations of the food you are eating, or have other thoughts intruded? Gently bring your attention back and take a breath.
- Continue to eat as in #7 until you feel a small closing sensation in your stomach. If you are not sure you are satisfied, wait a moment and check in again. Perhaps one more bite will confirm the sense of satisfaction? Take a good long look at the remaining food - does it look the same as when you started? Or less interesting, more static, almost plastic? If so, let yourself feel the full power of your detachment.
- Before you clear away the dish, give yourself one more quiet moment to tune into your body. Allow yourself to fully experience the sensation of satisfaction and contrast it with the hunger before you ate.
The Perfect Simple Pedicure:
A.Position a chair behind a clean, wide bucket filled with hot water.
B.Fold a bath towel into a square and place it at the bottom of the bucket.This will give your feet a comfortable surface to rest on when you soak them.
C.Add half a cup of Epsom salt, a natural disinfectant. You can also throw in a few capfuls of Herbal Vapors, readily available in the markets.The best would be one that contains rosemary, eucalyptus and menthol -- three therapeutic, cleansing herbs that make the room you're in smell just like a spa.
A.Use a cotton pad soaked with nail-polish remover to take off old polish.
B.If your cuticles are dry, add a drop of olive oil to the pad before using it on your nails.
C.Clip your toenails straight across with clippers.
D.Use a nail file to smooth the edges, including the sides. Best shape: square with rounded edges.
3.Soothe Your Soles:
A.Soak your feet in the hot water for five minutes, then rest them on the edge of the bucket.
B.Dip a foot file, in the water, then use it to smooth your heels, the balls of your feet and the outsides of your pinkie toes.
C.Pat feet dry with a towel.
D.To get cuticles under control: Use the edge of the nail file to push your cuticles back, then a nail brush dipped in an exfoliating scrub, to clean the area where your nail meets your skin.
E.If you feel that you must get rid of your cuticles, have a pro do it in a salon so you don't end up with painful, ingrown toenails.
F.Rinse, then dry feet and apply a generous amount of super-moisturizing foot lotion or cream. Massage it into your feet and calves.
G.Wash the moisturizer off your toenails with soap and water and let them dry.
A Simple To Do-Home Manicure:
Things You Require:
For your manicure, take a small bowl of warm, soapy water.A small hand towel, a nail file, cotton wool, coconut oil for moisturizing, nail polish remover, and polish.It is much nicer to prefer pink and pearlised shades, for the daytime.Nail polish is best applied before you go to bed so that you do not have to worry about badly kept nails in the morning.Purple, violet and other dark shades, are a bit too extreme for formal dressing, but if you find that they suit your personality, as a lady with a mind of her own, please go ahead! After all, individual tastes, differ.
A.First, remove your older nail polish and then file your nails.Long nails are best suited to people with long slim fingers, and if you have short, sturdy singers, please make sure that your nails are shaped to an oval, and not more than 1/16 th of an inch past the fingertip.
B.Next, soak your hands in the soapy water, for 2 minutes.Press back the cuticles, very gently with your towel.They are very delicate, and need moisturizing.To remove any soap deposit, wipe your nails again with nail polish remover.
C.Apply a base coat, beginning with the thumb.Base coats are normally transparent nail polishes, which are either strengtheners, or just present to stop the chemical products of the nail polish, to yellow your nails.
D.After it has dried, apply nail polish.Use only 2 light coats, allowing the first to dry completely before applying the second.
E.Finally, when the polish is completely dry, massage the coconut oil/ Almond oil/ olive oil into your hands up to the wrist.
A manicure once a week keeps your hands feeling good.As it is always preferable to use natural products, rather than expensive creams and moisturizers, go back to nature and every night, use a bit of milk cream, or milk as a natural moisturizer.A little bit of salt added to it will bleach your hands beautifully.
If you have to use your hands for washing up, gardening, or any work which needs hand care, it is always best to use hand gloves.And if you think that it is too tiresome, what is to stop you from oiling your hands too well, with coconut oil, or milk, and then washing up? For gardening, always make sure that little soap pieces are placed under your nails, so that dirt does not get caught between fingertips and nails.
Remember that very hot and very cold water is disastrous for hands.Make sure, the water is at room temperature.In the winters, it is always preferable to wash your face and hands in cold water, to keep the naturally moisturizing oil in, but make sure, you apply some oil after a wash.
Acne can tremendously embarrassing for the acne sufferer. It is advisable to maintain the right kind of diet, nutritional balance and proper skin care. Here are some tips that will help you heal your acne:
- Use an astringent to remove the excess oil.
- Although moisturizing is not advisable on a daily basis, oil-free moisturizers can be applied if your skin is rough after washing.
- It is advisable to choose water-based products, rather than products containing oil or petroleum.
- Apply a honey mask once a week. Honey is regarded as a disinfectant and also it has medicinal properties believed to heal minor blemishes. It has the properties of destroying the bacteria present in the skin.
- It is advisable to wash your face at least twice a day with sulfur-based soap. Once when you wake up and again when you go to bed. Do not scrub; just give it a smooth touch. Washing your skin over and over again will create more trouble than help you.
- If you have long hair it is advisable to cut it short. Your hair contains oil and when you move, the dust particles do mix up with your hair and when your hair bangs on your face or neck or forehead or the affected area, the situation could worsen. Also wash your hair on a daily basis.
- Take a multi-vitamin daily. Your skin needs proper nutrition.
- It is advisable to take a chromium supplement once a day, as it will heal your pimples quickly.
- Vitamin A protects the skin and prevents acne. It also helps reduce sebum production.
- While going to bed make sure to remove your makeup and it is also advisable not to use any kind of cold cream and lotions. If you really want to wear makeup, make sure that it is water-based.
- Drink at least 8 glasses of water daily. Water helps in cleaning and hydrating the skin and maintaining overall health.
- Don't pop or squeeze pimples, as it could lead to inflammation and infection. It could also push the infected materials deep into the skin and create more swelling. Squeezing or popping pimples could lead to permanent scars on the face.
- Alcohol-based lotions and creams are to be avoided completely.
- Wash or change your pillowcase every day.
- Zinc is an antibacterial agent. A diet low in zinc can cause acne breakouts. First use warm water to wash the face (to remove dirt) and use cold water to rinse.
- If you get acne on your body, it is advisable not to wear tight clothes.
- People with acne should avoid sun exposure and use UVA/UVB sunscreen. Oil-based sunscreen should be avoided.
- Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables daily.
- Exercise moderately as it helps in blood circulation and helps eliminate toxins.
- It is advisable to breathe deeply when you feel stressed. Doctors have found out that there is a direct link between stress and acne. Studies have shown that there is increased amount of androgen production when a person is under stress. Not only mental but physical stress such as allergies, surgery etc could activate the androgen production. When androgen is activated the sebaceous glands pumps out more oil/sebum leading to acne.
Coupled with a yearly skin exam by a doctor, self-examination of your skin once a month is the best way to detect the early warning signs of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma, the three main types of skin cancer. Look for a new growth or any skin change.
What you'll need: a bright light; a full-length mirror; a hand mirror; two chairs or stools; a blow-dryer.
- Examine head and face, using one or both mirrors. Use blow-dryer to inspect scalp.
- Check hands, including nails. In full-length mirror, examine elbows, arms, underarms.
- Focus on neck, chest, torso. Women: Check under breasts.
- With back to the mirror, use hand mirror to inspect back of neck, shoulders, upper arms, back, buttocks, legs.
- Sitting down, check legs and feet, including soles, heels, and nails. Use hand mirror to examine genitals.
It is the best way to nourish your newborn / infant / toddler.
It is all natural / organic / sustainable / green.
Here are a couple more reasons to do so:
- According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, "Human milk is species-specific, and all substitute feeding preparations differ markedly from it, making human milk uniquely superior for infant feeding.
- The American Dietic Association also believes that "the bonding that occurs during breastfeeding makes it a special choice."
- Breast milk is always ready and comes in a nicer package than formula does.
- Breast milk contains immunities to diseases and aids in the development of baby's immune system.
- Breastfeeding satisfies baby's emotional needs and increases bonding between mother and baby.
- Breastfeeding protects baby against respiratory infections
- Breastfeeding decreases chances of osteoporosis.
Breastfeeding may be the best choice but it may not always be the easiest choice. If you are having problems breastfeeding you should see a professional. You could also call the Breastfeeding Hotline at 1-800-994-9662